Child care programs in spending bill lead to GOP, Dems clashing over cost to middle class

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Capitol Hill Republicans and Democrats are spinning warring narratives about the child care provisions in President Biden’s reconciliation spending bill as Senate Democrats race to come to a deal before Christmas.

Republicans say the regulations in the nearly $2 trillion reconciliation bill will have serious unintended consequences, essentially creating a “toddler tax.” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., is leading Democrats in arguing it would instead ease burdens on parents and improve education “for the children.”

“Let me just say about the Build Back Better, because if there were two words that I would say that describe it, it would be ‘lowers cost,’” Pelosi said Tuesday. “It lowers costs for health care. It lowers costs for education. It lowers costs for child care.”

“Children learning, parents earning. That is essential to the Build Back Better legislation,” she said. 

Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., meets with reporters at the Capitol in Washington, Wednesday, Aug. 25, 2021. 
(AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

But Republicans are arguing that the price of child care would skyrocket for many Americans. 

“It puts in place all these rules and regulations on child care providers. It would require thousands of child care providers to have an early education degree. It would… mandate wages from Washington,” Rep. Bryan Steil, R-Wis., a House Select Committee on Economic Disparity and Fairness and Growth ranking member, said Tuesday. 

“For the average American working family that is going to have to foot the bill for these rules changes, they’re going to feel it in the pocketbook and be absolutely clobbered,” he said. 

Steil and Republicans point to an analysis from the People’s Policy Project (PPP), a left-leaning think tank, that Democrats’ child care proposal will nearly double the average cost of child care. PPP cites a breakdown of the current cost of child care by the Center for American Progress, another left-leaning think tank, which notes that the majority of child care costs go toward worker wagers and benefits. 

Because Democrats’ child care plan would increase the mandated pay of child care workers to that of elementary school teachers – which is 138% higher than child care workers – the average price of child care per year would increase from $15,888 to $28,970, according to the analysis.

Rep. Bryan Steil, R-Wis., attends a House Financial Services Committee hearing on Dec. 2, 2020.
(Greg Nash/Pool via REUTERS)

For many, the government will foot that bill, Pelosi said Tuesday.

“It would dramatically lower costs of child care, capping at 7% of income,” she said. 

Pelosi is correct – for families in the lower half of the income scale in the U.S., the reconciliation bill would provide some relief for them on child care. In fact, people in the lowest income brackets would have their child care costs capped even lower level than the 7% level she referenced. And there are other provisions Democrats tout like the child tax credit and universal pre-K that would lower out-of pocket costs for many.

But other families with income not too far above their state’s “median income” would not see any cap to their child care costs. In 2022, families making any amount higher than their state’s median income would get no subsidy. In 2023, that number would increase to 125%. In 2024, it would be 150%. And in 2025 through 2027, the number jumps to 250%. 

According to the 2020 census, the median household income in the U.S. was $67,521. Families making any level above that amount, adjusted for their particular state, would get no help with child care costs in 2022. The cutoff for receiving child care subsidies would be approximately $84,000 in 2023, about $100,000 in 2024 and nearly $169,000 in 2025 through 2027, depending on a person’s state. 

President Biden delivers remarks during an event in the State Dining Room of the White House, Monday, Oct. 4, 2021, in Washington.
(AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

Those families, many in the middle class, would be on the hook for about $13,000 extra per year, according to the PPP analysis. 

Rep. Angie Craig, D-Minn., said Thursday that House Democrats did not mean to write a bill that may affect families that way. And she implied implementation by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) may take some of the sting out of that price increase. Craig also emphasized the importance of increasing wages for child care work. 

“I think we need to, you know – obviously a full plan of implementation is yet to be built by HHS. We need to see that plan be built to fully analyze it,” she said. “But that certainly would never be the intention. 

“At the end of the day, we in Minnesota, at least, we will see a significant number of my constituents in their families’ day care costs go down and at the same time will free up people to choose if they want to go back to work,” Craig added. “Child care is work and it’s time we recognize that in our nation.”

Republicans are also attacking the reconciliation for allegedly discriminating against faith-based child care providers. It would do this, Republicans say, by directing subsidies to child care providers rather than individual families, which would block that funding from being used “for buildings or facilities that are primarily used for sectarian instruction or religious worship.” 


“It shifts who the government is supporting. So under current policy, they support the individual who then uses those funds. The new model would be directly to the providers,” Steil said. “By making this tweak, under federal law, it prevents them for paying for the facilities if worship is done.” 

He added: “So if you go and have your child at a Lutheran Church in Racine, or any number of religious locations across the United States where child care is often provided… they’re creating a fiscal incentive to going to a secular institution.” 

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